How to reduce the chance of being bitten by a shark

By using common sense and following safety guidelines, the potential of having a negative shark/human interaction can be reduced.

Here are some useful tips to bear in mind when entering the water:

  • Avoid swimming, diving or surfing alone.
  • Avoid swimming in areas where dangerous sharks are known to congregate, for example, sandbars, steep drop-offs, near channels and particularly at river mouths.
  • Avoid swimming at dusk and dawn, when many sharks are more active, and avoid swimming in water where visibility is poor.
  • If diving, descend from the surface as soon as convenient.
  • Avoid uneven tanning, or wearing contrasting or brightly coloured clothing or jewellery, which may resemble the glinting scales or shiny flesh of a prey fish.
  • Avoid excessive splashing and noise. Keep pets and other domestic animals out of the water; their erratic movements may attract a shark.
  • Do not swim near people who are fishing or spear fishing or cleaning fish.
  • Avoid schooling fish that begin behaving erratically or congregate in large numbers. 
  • If a shark is considered to be a threat, keep watching it and leave the water promptly but calmly.
  • Never provoke, harass or approach a shark too closely, even if it is small.
  • If a shark is swimming in a jerky, rigid manner, hunches its back, or drops its pectoral fins, retreat slowly and calmly; this may be a threat display.

Related Links:

About Shark 'Attacks'

Statistics and Victims

Incidents and Motives