Shark References

To find out more about sharks, we recommend the following references, which have been used to create content on this website.

Books and Journals:

Aires da Silva, A.M., Hoey, J.J. and Gallucci, V.F. 2008. A Historical Abundance for the     blue shark (Prionace glauca) in the Western North Atlantic. Fisheries Research, 92: 41 – 52.

Barnett, L.A.K., Earley, R.L., Ebert, D.A., Cailliet, G.M. (2009) Maturity, fecundity, and reproductive cycle of the spotted ratfish, Hydrolagus colliei. Marine Biology. 156: (301 – 316).

Bergstad, O.A., Wik, A.D. and Hildre, O. (2003) Predator-Prey relationships and food sources of the Skagerrak Deep-Water Fish Assemblage. Journal Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Science 31: (165 – 180)

Bonfil, R. 1994. Overview of World Elasmobranch Fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, 341. 119 pp.

Calis, E., Jackson, E.H., Nolan, C.P. and Jeal, E. (2005) Preliminary age and growth estimates of the rabbitfish, Chimarea monstrosa, with implications for future resource management. Journal Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Science. 35: (15 – 26).

Castro, J.I., Woodley, C.M. and Brudek, R.L. 1999. A Preliminary evaluation of the status of shark species. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, 380. 72 pp.

Clarke, S.C. 2003. Quantification of the Trade in Shark Fins. Undergraduate Thesis, Imperial London College UK, 321 pp.  

Clarke, S.C., McAllister, M.K., Kirkwood, G.P., Michielsens, C.G.J., Agnew, D.J., Pikitch, E.K., Nakano, H. and Shivji, M.S. 2006. Global Estimates of Shark Catches using Trade Records from Commercial Markets. Ecology Letters 9: 1115 – 1126.

Compagno, L.J.V., (1984). FAO species catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 and 2. Rome.

Davie PS et al. (1993) Blood pressure and heart rate during tonic immobility in the black tipped reef shark Carcharhinus melanoptera. Fish Physiol Biochem 12:95-100.

Dider, D.A (2004) Phylogeny and classification of extant holocephali. In: Biology of Sharks and their Relatives (Eds) Carrier, J.C., Musick, J.A. and Heithaus, M.R. CRC Press, London.

Fowler, S. & Seret, B. 2010. Shark fins in Europe: Implications for reforming the EU finning ban. European Elasmobranch Association and IUCN Shark Specialist Group.

Francis, M.P. (1997) Spatial and temporal variation in the growth rate of elephant fish (Callorhinchus milii). New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. 31: (9 – 23)Barnett, L.A.K., Earley, R.L., Ebert, D.A., Cailliet, G.M. (2009) Maturity, fecundity, and reproductive cycle of the spotted ratfish, Hydrolagus colliei. Marine Biology. 156: (301 – 316).

Gibson, A., 2002.  Sharks, a Golden Guide.

Graham, K. J., Wood, B. R., and Andrew, N. L. 1997. The 1996–97 survey of upper slope trawling grounds between Sydney and Gabo Island (and comparisons with the 1976–77 survey). Kapala Cruise Report No. 117, NSW Fisheries, Cronulla, NSW. 96 pp.

Gruber SH, Zlotkin E (1982) Bioassay in surfactants as shark repellents.

Hammerschlag, N., Martin, R.A. and Fallows, C. (2006) Effects of Environmental Condtions of prey-predator interactions between White Sharks (Carcaradon carcharias) and Cape fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus) Environmental Biology of Fishes 76 (2 – 4): 341 – 350.

Hutchings, J.A and Reynolds, J.D. 2004 Marine Fish Population Collapse: Consequences for Recovery and Extinction Risk. BioScience, 54: 297 – 209.

Lack, M. and Sant, G., 2009. Trends in Global Shark Catch and Recent Developments in Management. TRAFFIC International.

Macquitty, M., 1997.  Shark.

McComb, D. M., Tricas, T. C. and Kajiura, S. M., 2009, ‘Enhanced visual fields in hammerhead sharks’ Journal of Experimental Biology, 212, 4010-4018.

Myers, R.A and Worm, B. 2003. Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities. Nature, 423: 280 – 283.

Parker, S & Parker, J., 2001.  The Encyclopaedia of Sharks.

Pethybridge, H., Cossa, D., Butler, E.C.V. (2009). Mercury in 16 demersal sharks from southeast Australia: Biotic and abiotic sources of variation and consumer health implications. Marine Environmental Research, doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2009.07.006.

Pough, F.H., Janis, C.M., Heiser, J.B., 2002, Vertebrate Life, sixth edition, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.

Sion, L., Bozano, A., D’Ohghia, G., Capezzuto, F., Panaza, M. (2004) Chondrichthyes species in deep waters of the Mediterranean Sea. Scientia Marina. 68: (153 – 162).

Stevens, J.D. 1987, Sharks, Merehurst Press, London.

Stevens, J.D., Bonfil, R., Dulvy, N.K. and Walker, P.A. 2000. The Effects of Fishing on Sharks, Rays and Chimeras (Chondrichthyans), and the Implications for Marine Ecosystems. ICES Journal of Marine Science 57: 476 – 494.

Stevens, J.D. 1987, Sharks, Merehurst Press, London.

Tricas, T. C., et al., 1997. Sharks and Ray.

Verity, P.G., Smetacek, V. and Smayda, T.J (2002) Status, Trends and The Future of the Marine Pelagic Ecosystem. Environmental Conservation 29 (2): 207 -237.

Walker, T.I. 1998. Can Shark Resources be Harvested Sustainably? A question revisited with a Review of Shark Fisheries. Marine Freshwater Research 49: 553 – 572.

Watsky MA, Gruber SH (1990) Induction and duration of tonic immobility in the lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris.

Whitman PA et al. (1986) Tonic immobility in the smooth dogfish shark, Mustelus canis.

Zahir, F. Rizwi, S.J., Haq, S.K. and Khan, R.H. (2005). Low dose mercury toxicity and human health. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 20: 351-360.

Zlotkin E, Gruber SH (1984) Synthetic surfactants: a new approach to the development of shark repellents.